ANCIENT AND CURRENT USES OF CANNABIS

 INTRODUCTION  

Cannabis is a botanical product whose origin traces back to the ancient world. In the past 5000years, archaeologists found evidence of cannabis, having recreational, spiritual, medicinal, and other uses in various countries, including Africa, India, China, and Assyria.  

            Other common names for cannabis  

                           Latin, Botanical names 

   Cannabis is the scientific name for the hemp plant, with many species’ names, including:  

  • Cannabis sativa  
  • Cannabis indica  
  • Cannabis ruderalis   

              English names  

  •  Dagga Ganja  
  •  Hashish  
  •  Hemp  
  •  Marijuana  

Ancient language names  

  • Bhanga  
  • Ganjika  
  • Hursini  
  • (Kinnab or Quinn) Arabic  
  • (Ma) Chinese  
  • (Cannabis) Greek  

     Traditional/ regional language names  

  • Bhangi (Swahili)  
  • Canada (Italian)  
  • Chamba (Chichewa)  
  • Beuh (French)  
  • Ganja (Hindi)   

     Administration of cannabis  

It was commonly eaten, brewed in teas, or mixed with edibles using its active ingredient. In the 21st century, it is administered through inhalation via smoking and vaporization.  

                   Uses  

Religion purposes- During 1200-800 BCE, Hindu sacred text, Atharva Veda (the science of charms) used leaves and stems as “Sacred Grass” and was considered among the five sacred plants in India. Moreover, Scythian tribes used its seeds as offerings in royal tombs, in 700-300 BCE. In China, they used plant remains of cannabis as ‘shroud’ in tombs dated to around 500 BCE. Scythians used the plant for ritual and cleansing purposes. 

Clothing- Hemp was made out of textiles in China, during the 4000 BCE, and its remains have been found of hemp fibers a century later. In 1500 BCE, Scythians cultivated cannabis to weave beautiful hemp clothes.  

Food- Cannabis was cultivated in China for food during 1500 BCE. Its seeds were also used for food in China as well in 6000 BCE.  

Recreational purposes- In 2012, Washington and Colorado’s citizens voted cannabis to be used as recreational purposes.  

Medicinal purposes- In 1996, California was the first to legalize the therapeutic use of cannabis. Following this, Canada then legalized cannabis in 2001, Austria, 2008, Denmark, 2011, as well as Italy in 2013. Up to date, Malawi and Lebanon still legalize the plant for medicinal use. The plant was used to treat glaucoma and general inflammation in ancient Egypt. As a cure for leprosy, dysentery, fever, encouraging sleep, improving judgment and cognition, ancient India also used cannabis, thinking it would prolong life. 

For inflammation, earaches, and swelling, ancient Greeks sought the plant for this purpose. The plant’s roots were boiled and used to treat gout, arthritis, and generalized pain by the Romans. Arabians used the plant for migraines, anxiety, and syphilis during the 800AD-900AD.  

Other medicinal uses of marijuana introduced by The English include muscle spasms, insomnia, promoting uterine contractions, menstrual cramps, convulsions, rheumatism, gout, and joint pains. 

Personal growth and use- In 2020, Australian capital territory legalized the use of cannabis for growth and personal use.  

          Current uses in the 21st century  

Marinol (dronabinol) and Cesamet ( nabilone), are synthetic cannabinoids used to treat nausea or neuropathic pain. The two are FDA medications currently on the market. Sativex is now used for treating cancer pain, while Epidelix is used for childhood seizures. 

REFERENCES AND CITATIONS  

1. Newton, D. (2013). Marijuana: A Reference Handbook. ABC- CLIO: Inc.Santa Barbara, CA. 

2. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2017). What is marijuana? 

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Names and slangs use in the Cannabis Products

The study of an item or a “thing” is incomplete without a close look at the etymology and onomastics associated with the item, its uses, and origin across different languages and cultures over time and by different people. The article seeks to take a close look at different formal and slang terms or words used to describe cannabis, its users, sub-products, outcomes, and impact and how these continue to evolve. 

Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants in the family of Cannabises with different levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Cannabis has over 1,200 slang names and over 2,300 names for different strains.

Naming in this article involves using words and language for human communication guided or not by rules and conventions. Agreeably, the many slang and strains names have little to do with the Latin and botanical etymology Cannabis Indica, Ruderalis, or Sativa but rather from rich onomastics and nomenclature of cannabis and its products, users, methods of usage, package and forms for different users in time.

The article allows for a closer look at the naming structure of the cannabis plant is an annual or otherwise. It will look at the vegetable value, fruit, and flower usage as well as the growth habits of the cannabis plant. Cannabis plants can grow wildly or cultivated. Whether wildly grown or not, the name weed is used. The write up consider culture rather than formal naming features of cannabis products and users. The writer opines that product name and slang get influenced by social, political, and religious factors of generations and their diverse languages and their meanings.

The paper looks at the many edible cannabis products prepared from mixture seeds, oils, leaves, and juice, and the how of preparation.  You will find information on whether these products are commercially or traditionally prepared and the products’ nomenclature. Cannabis products and their edibles can be consumed in different ways using different body parts explaining the use of different names and slangs of consuming methods. Preparation methods of cannabis products produce dozens of ways depending on many factors. The fluidity of the names and slangs leads to strains that no sooner become reference names.

It’s important to note that these products may attract different names and strains at any point in time and contexts but may mean the same. Names of cannabis product keep changing with time and across generations depending on the cultural dynamics of one society to another. This phenomenon explains the origin of the many names and slangs used. Some of these products get consumed through different body parts and human senses. Some users may prefer to eat or drink, inhale, or bath, and others may opt to used and name these as flowers or vegetation. The products may take the form of solid, liquid, gas, or vapor. All these have different names or slangs with ever-growing strain names and would have different effects on the users described formally by the use of English words or by slang names.

The products are packages and presented differently by diverse communities and sub-communities in different parts of the world. There are no standards and detailed specification of packaging for many of the products. Characteristics of users and dosage among the many users are also not defined. This aspect attracts different names and slangs by deferent people at different times and contexts. Lack of standardization measures and specifications of products and users leads to the multiplication of names and slangs in different parts of the world and across generations. Studies on cannabis and its products is a field that has attracted volumes of research and attention. Some cannabis studies employ western approaches leading to scientific taxonomy resulting in scientific classification and naming. Although cannabis studies have attracted many scholars, formal naming has not served as the yardstick in naming. Folk taxonomy has influenced the former explaining the growth of slangs and name strains in the cannabis sector. In folk taxonomy, anybody or a group of people can develop a language and a name. Often this grows into a preferred street name at any point in time. With the evolution of culture, we expect more slang names and their strains in the cannabis cycle the world over cannabis from Green Society .

Types of Best Cannabis Strains for Chilling

You would like to get a good cannabis to use so that you can feel the chilling effect. You may not have the idea on what is the best strain for you. Each strain may have different impacts depending on the usage or personal preference. The following are the best strains of cannabis for chilling. 

There are thousands of cannabises strains that people use. In this case, not all of them are good. However, there are some of the better strains compared to others that can meet your preference. There are three major classifications of cannabis strains which are; the hybrid cannabis, sativa cannabis and Indica cannabis. Each type has some of the best strains in them. In this case, you have a chance to choose which type of cannabis and the strains in it that you prefer. The following are the classifications of cannabis with their best strains: 

Indica cannabis  

Indica cannabis has its own strains. However, the following are the best strains of chilling from this type: 9 pound hammer is the first indica sativa that is good for chilling. 9 pound hammer has a strong effect when you use it. As well, it has a long lasting effect in your body when you use it. It has buds that contain resin coat on them. When you use the 9-pound hammer, your body relaxes which is the main objective that you are making you to use bang. 

Afghani is the second best indica cannabis strain for chilling. Afghani by its name has its origin in Afghanistan. It is one of the best cannabis breeds that cannabis breeders prefer to grow. Notably, it produces large amounts of resin. As well, Afghani cannabis produces sedative chemicals that can make you feel relaxed and peaceful once you consume it. 

Sativa cannabis 

Sativa cannabis has a variety of strains. Not all of its stains are good. However, the following are the best strains of chilling under sativa classification: The first strain is Acapulco gold. It is mostly used by people of first class social status in the society. in five start hotels and restaurants, most users use it at dinner times. When you break its bud, it releases a good aroma that makes you love it even more. It has a stimulant effect to the user. 

Alaskan thunder fuck is the second best sativa cannabis strain for chilling. It has a sweet smell with outstanding heavy buzz in it. You will love this sativa cannabis due to its good look as well as its smell. 

Hybrid cannabis 

Hybrid cannabis has a variety of cannabis strains in it. People love to prefer this class of cannabis since it has one of the best strains for chilling. Therefore, the first hybrid cannabis strain is ACDC.  ACDC has a high effect of relaxation since once you consume it, it does not have any psychoactive effects thus making you to be dormant and chill out. 

AK-47 is the second best hybrid strain for you to use. It has a sour scent . Despite it has a high sedation effect that can make you feel relaxed and mellow. AK-47 is one of the famous cannabis strains in the world. 

In conclusion, cannabis strains are classified basing on their origin and their mode of production. In each classification, you can get hundreds of cannabis strain. Keep in mind that not all strains are good for chilling; the best strains for chilling are few.

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Disadvantages of Using Cannabis for Anxiety

According to World Health Organization (WHO), cannabis is described as a psychoactive drug used for both medical and recreational purposes. One of the medical purposes can be the treatment of anxiety. Even though the prime use of cannabis is to treat anxiety, there can be some disadvantages. In this article, we will look at some of the disadvantages of using cannabis as a treatment for anxiety. 

First, what is anxiety exactly? Well, anxiety is a type of psychiatric disorder that makes you feel fear or worry at random situations. 

Some of symptoms of anxiety are: 

Difficulty in concentrating – studies have shown that, people with anxiety have hard time concentrating on their studies or even at work.  

Irritability – anxiety also makes you to be upset easily. This may affect the relationship between you and family. 

Panic attacks – Since most of the time you feel fear and worry, this may actually lead to panic attacks. 

Sleep problems – since there is no peace of mind, this may actually affect your sleeping pattern; making it hard to be sleepy at night. 

Avoiding Social Situations  this is where you avoid social situations because of the fear of being judged. This may later lead to depression. 

All of the above problems can be treated, by the use of cannabidiol (CBD), High THC an active ingredient in the cannabis. Though anxiety is treatable by the use of cannabis, it may also come with some side effects, namely: 

Withdrawals – withdrawals can happen if you have been using a different type of medication for anxiety. To be clear, you won’t experience withdrawals from using CBD, but if only you were using other addictive medications for anxiety. So it is recommended to seek medical guidance before switching to CBD substance. 

THC Effect – Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is also an active ingredient found in the cannabis, THC tends to get you “high”; which to some people, it leads them to feel even more anxious. It is recommended only to use CBD concentrated cannabis for anxiety treatment purposes. 

Memory Problems – even though CBD substance can help reduce anxiety, it also makes you feel sedated or fuzzy, which later affects the memory. 

Diarrhea  from the term, too much of anything is poison; high level use of CBD products may result to diarrhea. So see a medical doctor to know how much you should consume. 

Damage the Liver – Just like how Alcohol and other drugs can damage the liver, cannabis products are no exception. Too much use of CBD oils can damage the liver.  

Legality – Some of the countries have not legalized marijuana yet, making it difficult to use it for anxiety treatment, according to the West Coast Botanical dispensary

Conclusion 

Seek medical guidance before using cannabis as an anxiety treatment. This will help you manage the risk of experience the side effects of the drug. 

Alcoholism Treatment in Rehab Centers

Alcohol Rehabilitation involves the process of medical and psychotherapeutic treatment for alcoholism intending to provide recovery services to the addicts or drug abusers. This article emphasizes on alcoholism treatment in alcohol rehab centers. 

Alcoholism Treatment in Rehab Centers 

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a significant problem in most developed nations. Therefore several rehab centers, both government and private, have emerged to help curb the issue. Controlling alcoholism begins with qualified treatment centers. Such centers provide a variety of treatment methods, but first, voluntarily, one has to accept quitting alcohol. Qualifies professionals in rehab centers will always try to make sure that patients do well from detox to life after rehab. Factors such as personal motivation, support system, and the medical history of an individual are always considered for practical and useful treatment. 

Types of Treatment Programs 

Before commencing treatment, one should acknowledge their condition and have an understanding of the services and type of therapy each program offers. Discussed below are the kinds of alcoholism treatment: 

  • Alcohol Detox: It is the initial step in alcoholism treatment, involving detoxification under professional medical care to help the body eliminate traces of alcohol or drugs. At this point, treatment specialists help the alcoholics to abstain from drinking and other drugs to free the bloodstream from toxins. Specialists and medical therapists do keep in touch with their patients for effective treatment. After detoxification, other treatment forms can be administered, including therapy.  
  • Inpatient Treatment/Rehab: This treatment provides the most convenient level of rehab services for persons overcoming alcoholism. Inpatient rehab focuses mainly on severe forms of addiction, which requires an individual to remain in-house for about 80 days. Doctors and treatment specialists will provide 24/7 services to the patients, including information based on how to manage relapse, overcoming triggers, and sobriety maintenance programs to help in life after rehab.  
  • Partial Hospitalization Program (PHP): It is a type of substance abuse and mental illness treatment program with certified counselors and doctors. Usually, a patient resides at home but visits a rehab center daily or weekly based on the level of alcoholism in an individual and severity of the addiction. There are several treatment methods within this program (PHP), which are commonly used in rehab centers. They include behavioral therapy, individual counseling, support groups, fitness and nutrition, group therapy, and art therapy. 
  • Intensive Outpatient Treatment (IOT): It is commonly known as the Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP). It is a form of substance abuse rehab that involves individuals commuting to a treatment center around four to five days a week for a few hours. Alcoholics or patients are usually treated on a part-time basis to return home after each visit. IOP is advisable for people with less severe addiction problems. The main component of the Intensive Outpatient Program is group therapy, along with other services like medication management, individual counseling, and psychiatric screening. 

Common Alcoholism Treatment Medications in Rehabs 

The commonly used medications are for reducing withdrawal symptoms and alcohol cravings SJRP Rehabilition Place . Such medications include: 

  • Acamprosatewhich is for the reduction of alcohol cravings and withdrawal symptoms. 
  • Naltrexone, which aids in lowering alcohol cravings. 
  • Disulfiram that creates adverse effects when one consumes alcohol. 

Top Strains of Sativa

Sativa is a subspecies of Cannabis that has thin and pointed leaves. Sativa plants also tend to be tall. Indica and Ruderalis are the other subspecies of the Cannabis plant. Ruderalis is not common while Indica and Sativa are the most popular in the Cannabis family purchase cannabis online . Indica and Sativa are complete opposites in terms of physical appearance and physiological effects. Sativa has been cultivated for a long time, used as a source of recreation and medicine among other uses. 

Sativa strains are a slight variation of the Sativa, developed and selectively cultivated to achieve specific characteristics. Narrowing down the Sativa strains is tough since this is a vast field with numerous selections. Here is a list of various handpicked top strains of Sativa. 

Haze 

Haze is among the most popular and nearly pure Sativa strains in the world developed by “The Haze Brothers” during the 1970s. It has an earthy smell and a sweet-spicy taste. It is a proud parent to countless hybrids around the globe like in Mexico, Thailand, Colombia, and South India. Although Haze takes long to grow (about 14 weeks), very few strains can match the high energy and creative buzz it provides.  It has about 21% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) with too little cannabidiol (CBD) content to mention. Those who suffer from chronic stress or depression might use haze for its high THC content and mellow effects. 

Jack Herer 

This strain is named after the famous Cannabis advocate Jack Herer. It is a cross of Shiva Skunk, Northern Lights, and Haze. This Sativa-dominant plant has a THC level of 23% and 1% CBD. It was produced in the Netherlands during the mid-1990s and was termed as medical-grade Cannabis after commercialization by Dutch pharmacies. This spicy, pine-scented strain takes about 50 to 70 days to flower indoors. Its cooling sensation makes it good for people with lung problems. Jack Herer is an instant energy booster and mood picker. 

Amnesia Haze 

It is a descendant of Jamaican Sativa (80%) and Indica-dominated Afghan Hawaiian (20%). Amnesia Haze has a THC OF 20%-22% and 1% CBD. This makes it suitable for relieving anxiety, depression, and fatigue. It has a fresh and fruity taste, earthly smell with hints of spicy pepper. Despite leading to feelings of euphoria and uplifted mood, it should be used with caution since it is incredibly strong. 

Sour Diesel 

Sour Diesel as the name suggests has a pungent and gasoline-like smell but there is a hint of orange. It came from the 1990s when Cannabis was illegal hence very impossible to trace its origin. The only sure information is that it is Sativa dominant, 80%-90%. Sour Diesel induces appetite which can be helpful to people with eating disorders. It contains 16%-25% THC and 1% CBD. The flowering time is 10-12 weeks. This strain leaves the user feeling more energized and positive. 

Moby Dick 

This 75% Sativa strain is explicitly cultivated to provide a robust medicinal benefit. It scores high on the THC levels which is up to 27%. Moby Dick is a cross of Haze and White Window. The aroma and flavor are citrusy, sweet and earthy similar to its parent Haze.  It can help users with fatigue and muscle spasms, eating disorders and depression. 

Conclusion 

Sativa strains have very many health benefits. However, they have very adverse effects like dryness of mouth and eyes and could lead to death in extreme cases. The journey of finding what works for you is long but be sure to always consult with a professional healthcare provider. One final note, Cannabis is still illegal in most countries! 

A Conclusive Report on How THC use affects driving!

THC is the active ingredient in the psychoactive drug marijuana. It acts upon the neural cells in the brain and Central Nervous System (CNS). It enacts a significant, negative effect upon them. Using THC can negatively affect your ability to drive. That’s because it reduces your judgment, capability to concentrate, motor coordination and reaction time. Altogether, it negatively affects your driving skills. This increases your chances of getting involved in a car crash. Read on to discover more about How THC use affects driving. 

Effects of marijuana THC on a driver 

Multiple studies conclusively show that THC reduces your ability to concentrate. A high concentration of THC in the blood reduces your capability to judge distance and time. With THC in your system, you will be unable to control the speed of your car properly. Also, you are likely to get distracted and misread road signs. THC can make you drowsy. This can be dangerous if you are driving. In fact, the risk of getting involved in a car crash with serious injury normally doubles after using marijuana. 

Statistics 

Reports by the highway authorities reveal that one in four drivers involved in accidents had THC in their system. Some of these drivers indicated that marijuana increases their concentration and driving skill. They were wrong. While THC may boost cognitive capability, this effect is short lived. The psychoactive chemical soon causes weariness, distraction and drifting attention. 

Effects of THC on the parts of your body 

Upon consumption, THC changes the way that you process your information. As such, your judgment becomes compromised. This psychoactive chemical also affects a section of your brain known as the hippocampus. Here, it changes the information processing procedure. As such, you find it difficult to make new memories.  

THC can also increase your levels of anxiety. This can result in a racing heartbeat and culminate in a complete panic. If you should suffer a panic attack while driving, it can result in an accident. THC also negatively affects the motor receptors in your brain and muscles. This causes you to react slower. Seeing as road conditions are always changing, this effect can prove disastrous. When consumed over a long period, THC can cause you to develop a phlegmy cough. This further reduces your ability to concentrate while driving.  

Conclusion 

In many countries around the world, it is illegal to drive while under the influence of drugs such as marijuana. That is because the THC can impair your capability as a driver and result in accidents. Thus, there are severe legal ramifications if you are caught driving under the influence of marijuana. The guideline above explains How THC use affects driving. 

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How To Beat Cannabis Addictions For Good

Drug addiction is a battle that involves more than just giving warnings. It demands a lot of dedication in the process by everyone involved. Approaching this situation angrily will only make it worse. Dealing with an addict is even more difficult if they do not recognize that a problem exists. If this is the case, efforts to help them might be useless. It is, therefore, very important to incorporate strategic techniques when dealing with a synthetic marijuana addict. This is because you do not want to invest a lot of time and effort into an unfruitful course. Below are some tips on helping someone addicted to synthetic marijuana:

  • Help them identify the problem – in the business world, especially, problem identification is always step number one. This is because for any business to be successful, it must have the ability to solve an existing problem. The same case applies to any kind of drug addiction. The addict must first come to terms with the fact that they have a problem for efforts towards solving it can be successful. This will enhance a collaborative relationship between you and the addict and increase the chances of getting good results. Helping them realize that their behaviour is wanting, before fixing it, is, therefore, very important.
  • Communicate – good information sharing skills are very important in all sectors of life. You should talk with the synthetic marijuana addict so that you understand more in terms of how they feel about their situation. For instance, it is important to know whether they need help or not. Additionally, you should find out whether or not they feel embarrassed about enrolling in a rehabilitation program. If they do, empower them not to feel this way because enrolling means that they are ready to take control of their life. All this information can only be acquired by engaging in constant communication throughout the process.
  • Consider different rehabilitation options – there are very many rehabilitation centers available. Each of them is aimed at helping persons deal with their addiction struggles. The differences arise in terms of how they ensure this goal is achieved. This means that you should consider various factors before settling on a rehabilitation center. For instance, the center should have a good reputation in terms of past addicts who have benefited. It should also be staffed with professionals who are well conversant in regards to drug addiction matters. Considering such factors will see you going for a rehabilitation option that is most likely to suit the synthetic marijuana addict.

All in all, it is important that the addict feels your support at all times. Do not let this be a lonely journey for them. Even when they are unable to stay away from the drug completely, be there to pull them back up. The reason why most addicts are unable to make necessary changes is that they do not have a strong support system beside them.

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